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Ice fishing equipment and safety tips

Discover the right ice fishing equipment and safety tips to aid in enjoying this winter activity.

Two people ice fishing

Tips to make your next ice fishing trip enjoyable and safe 

During the winter months, a frozen lake can be the center of many outdoor activities, including ice hockey, dog sledding, and ice skating. But another winter pastime in the United States and Canada is ice fishing.

While this favorite winter sport can be fun, it can also be dangerous. In some cases, serious injury or death has occurred due to unsafe ice fishing practices. So if you're angling to stay safe on any icy lake or river, let's start out by tackling some of the root causes of unsafe ice fishing and then learn a few ice fishing safety tips.

What are the dangers of ice fishing?

Ice fishing injuries and fatalities are usually the result of hypothermia (a condition that dramatically lowers the body's temperature, causing severe metabolic dysfunction) or vehicle-related accidents. Some of the other common dangers of ice fishing include:

  • Not dressing properly to go ice fishing. Due to the risk of hypothermia, keeping your head, hands, and feet warm and dry is essential.
  • Not packing adequate ice fishing equipment. Death from drowning can occur if you're not wearing a life jacket. Packing the right equipment, such as picks and rope, can help you beat the odds.
  • Excessive alcohol consumption while ice fishing. Drinking alcohol can slow your reflexes and reaction time, which can be risky in the event of an emergency. Excessive drinking also increases your chances of getting hypothermia, because alcohol constricts blood vessels and lowers body temperature.
  • Falling through thin ice. Ice doesn't freeze evenly on the surface of a lake or river, and thin patches can't always be detected by sight alone. Ice strength is affected by current, wind, and other factors. Thin ice will not sustain the weight of a human, let alone a snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle (ATV), or truck. Check with your local emergency officials about safe ice thickness.

How to ice fish safely.

It’s not just about ice thickness, being safe on the ice requires patience and preparation. Here are some practical things you could do to have a safer outing:

  • Bring a friend. Don't ice fish alone. Also, make sure friends and family know where you're fishing and when you plan to return home.
  • Spread out. Do not drill too many holes in one place. The more holes, the less stable the ice surface .
  • Don't ice fish near plants. Plants produce heat as they decay. So watch your step in marshy areas.
  • Wear a life jacket. Life vests have excellent flotation properties in case you fall into the water.
  • Wear appropriate footwear. Crampons (or creepers) fit on the bottom of your shoes to give you more traction on ice. Spray them with vegetable oil to prevent snow or ice from sticking.
  • Bring a pair of ice picks or screwdrivers. Keep them in your jacket in case you fall into the water and have to pull yourself out. Make sure they have wooden handles so they won't sink.
  • Pack a rope to go ice fishing. It's easier to pull someone out of the water with a rope than by the arms.
  • Avoid snow-covered ice. Snow has insulating properties, which prevents cold air from keeping the ice at freezing temperatures.
  • Refrain from alcohol usage. Alcohol slows your reflexes and can make you more vulnerable to hypothermia.
  • Pack a first aid kit and matches. Keep these items in a dry and secure place so they will be usable in case of emergency.
  • Keep away from shipping lanes. Tankers and barges disrupt the integrity of the ice, even if you're fishing miles away.
  • Park your vehicle on dry land. Refrain from parking your car or truck on the ice. The added weight could cause the ice around you to break.
 
Be sure to check out safety tips for outdoor activities and snowmobile tips for beginners for additional tips on how to stay safe while enjoying winter activities.
 

The information in this article was obtained from various sources not associated with State Farm® (including State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company and its subsidiaries and affiliates). While we believe it to be reliable and accurate, we do not warrant the accuracy or reliability of the information. State Farm is not responsible for, and does not endorse or approve, either implicitly or explicitly, the content of any third party sites that might be hyperlinked from this page. The information is not intended to replace manuals, instructions or information provided by a manufacturer or the advice of a qualified professional, or to affect coverage under any applicable insurance policy. These suggestions are not a complete list of every loss control measure. State Farm makes no guarantees of results from use of this information.




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