What is a group health insurance plan?
Employer provided group insurance health plans offer lower cost insurance for employees since the employer pays a portion of the premium.
Employer-paid premiums for employee medical insurance are deductible by the company whether the coverage is under a group policy or individual policies. See Reg. Sec. 1.162-10(a).
The employee need not report the amount paid by the employer as current income. See IRC Sec. 106
When an employee pays the premium and is then reimbursed by the employer, the amount received is not included in the employee's gross income. See Reg. Sec. 1.106-1.
Benefits paid under the insurance plan, which reimburse the employee for payments made for hospital, surgical or other medical expenses, are not included in the employee's gross income.
Group medical plans are an attractive fringe benefit because personally paid medical insurance premiums and qualified medical expenses are only deductible when they exceed 7.5% of the taxpayer's adjusted gross income. See IRC Sec. 213.
Self-insured medical reimbursement plans which favor employees who are officers, shareholders or highly-paid employees may not qualify for the above tax benefits.
The Code sets certain eligibility requirements for self-insured plans, similar to those applied in qualified retirement plans, which are designed to discourage discrimination. See IRC Sec. 105(h).
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, signed into law on August 21, 1996, expanded the availability of coverage under group health plans. Effective with plan years beginning after June 30, 1997, the Act:
- Limits exclusions for pre-existing conditions.
- Prohibits discrimination in eligibility or premiums solely on the basis of an individual's health situation.
- Guarantees renewability for those employers with group health plans.
- Provides penalties for employers who do not comply with the law.