Dad lifting child in swimming pool.

Potential swimming pool hazards

Understanding the hidden dangers of swimming pools is an important aspect of pool safety. Learn more about pool safety and what you can do to help keep your family safe.

Whether you're splashing in a public pool or relaxing in your backyard hot tub, be aware of potential pool dangers to help ensure your family and friends stay safe while swimming in a pool. Here are some pool safety tips:

Diving boards, slides and steps

Many pools have diving boards, slides and steps. While everyone enjoys the standard belly flop and cannonball, it's important to make sure these water entry features are right for your pool.

Is your pool deep enough for a diving board?

It's essential that the water depth of the pool is adequate to allow for safe diving practices. If someone were to dive headfirst into a shallow pool, they could sustain a severe injury. The American Red Cross recommends a minimum of nine feet of water depth for headfirst diving.

Slides require a certain depth in the pool, too

Who doesn't love sliding into the water? While there are minimum water depth requirements for slides, the biggest danger is from slips, trips and falls. We've all seen people go down the slide, swim to the side, get out and go right back down the slide. Because of the water on the deck, concrete, or grass surrounding the pool making your way back to the slide can be treacherous. Remind everyone to take it slow and walk to the slide

Does it have handrails for steps?

Pool steps and slide steps can be very slick when wet which could result in an injury from falling. Make sure that your pool and slide is equipped with handrails and that the sides aren't open enough for a little one to slip through.

Pool toys are an unexpected potential danger

As much fun as pool toys can be, they need to be used under close supervision. If there is a person in the pool in need of life saving assistance, pool toys can obstruct them from view of the person watching them. They can also cause a person to flip over and they may be unable to flip the flotation device over resulting in injury.

Pool surfaces can be slippery

“Walk, don’t run!” You can just hear parents reminding their kids not to run at the pool. Concrete, tile, decks and other hard surfaces can get slippery when water or algae accumulates on them.

Pool drains are a hidden entrapment

The strong suction from the drain can grab clothing, hair and even body parts and hold a person against the grate.

  • Make sure the drain cover is safety-compliant. The Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act requires all residential swimming pools have a proper drain cover to prevent entrapment.
  • Install a Safety Vacuum Release System. It will shut off a pool or spa pump if a blockage is detected.
  • Watch children carefully. Smaller bodies can be more susceptible to pool suction. Teach children pool drain safety and monitor them closely while they're in the water.
  • Keep a phone nearby so someone can call 911 in an emergency.
  • Learn a release technique. According to, after turning off the pump and calling 911, you should slip your fingers between the victim and the drain, and then roll them off. (Do not yank the person. This could cause an injury.)

Water quality

A clean pool, with chemicals used in the right amounts, is important to help avoid the growth of bacteria that can cause eye, ear, skin and nose infections.

Pool chemicals

All the chemicals used for the pool should be tightly sealed, used as the manufacturer recommends and located away from children. If chlorine is used it may dry out skin, exacerbate asthma and if swallowed may kill the good bacteria in your stomach.

Electrical equipment

Water and electricity are dangerous when mixed. Any equipment powered by electricity should be grounded and kept at a safe distance from the pool. Outdoor outlets should be ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI). And it’s very important to always get out of the pool when lightning is present.

Pool covers

When pools aren’t being used in cooler weather, covers are sometimes placed over the top. These covers are not meant to be walked on by anyone, including pets. Many times, the cover is kept in place with weights around the edges. If a child or pet were to walk across the cover they could be in jeopardy.

Now that you have learned about some potential hazards of swimming pools, you may be interested in water safety tips or tips for swimming in the ocean. Also, feel free to contact a State Farm® agent if you have questions about swimming pool coverage on your policy.

The information in this article was obtained from various sources not associated with State Farm® (including State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company and its subsidiaries and affiliates). While we believe it to be reliable and accurate, we do not warrant the accuracy or reliability of the information. State Farm is not responsible for, and does not endorse or approve, either implicitly or explicitly, the content of any third party sites that might be hyperlinked from this page. The information is not intended to replace manuals, instructions or information provided by a manufacturer or the advice of a qualified professional, or to affect coverage under any applicable insurance policy. These suggestions are not a complete list of every loss control measure. State Farm makes no guarantees of results from use of this information.

State Farm Fire and Casualty Company
State Farm General Insurance Company
Bloomington, IL

State Farm Florida Insurance Company
Winter Haven, FL

State Farm Lloyds
Richardson, TX

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