Your friend or family member wants to take out a loan but they don't qualify. They could, however, if someone co-signs, so they ask you. Before you jump in to help, understand how the decision potentially impacts your credit. Consider the following carefully.
What happens when you co-sign
There are potential risks when co-signing a loan.
- You are 100% responsible for the debt, in addition to the primary borrower. When you co-sign, you agree to pay the loan back in full "plus any late fees or collection costs" if the primary borrower defaults or misses just one payment. If you can't pay, the lender could sue you or garnish your wages.
- It can lower your credit score. The primary borrower's late or missed payments can prevent you from qualifying for personal loans or other lines of credit in the future.
Factors to consider before co-signing
Think about the following before agreeing to co-sign a loan.
- Is the borrower able to make payments on time? If the primary borrower doesn't have a steady source of income, making on-time payments may become an issue.
- How can you protect your credit? Ask the borrower to make any missed payments within 30 days to ensure your credit score (theirs, too) doesn't take a hit.
Your investment is key
If you're comfortable co-signing a loan, treat the debt like it's your own.
- Set a timeline. Agree on a specific date to get your name off the account. To do this, the primary borrower must refinance the loan or pay off the loan in full.
- Monitor the account and your credit report. Review online statements to make sure the primary borrower is regularly making payments.