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The IRS has extended the deadline for 2019 IRA, HSA and ESA contributions to July 15, 2020.

The CARES Act and IRS Notice 2020-50 is allowing for coronavirus-related eligible withdrawals by certain IRA holders and participants within plans. The provision generally permits withdrawals in 2020 of up to $100,000 for individuals who have been diagnosed with the virus SARS-CoV-2 or coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), individuals whose spouse or dependent is diagnosed with such virus or disease, or individuals who experience adverse financial consequences as a result of:

  • Individual, individual’s spouse, or a member of the individual’s household being quarantined, furloughed or laid off, or having work hours reduced due to COVID-19;
  • Individual, individual’s spouse, or a member of the individual’s household being unable to work due to lack of child care due to COVID-19;
  • A business owned or operated by the individual, individual’s spouse, or a member of the individual’s household closed or reduced hours due to COVID-19; or
  • Individual, individual’s spouse, or a member of the individual’s household having a reduction in pay (or self-employment income) due to COVID-19 or having a job offer rescinded or start date for a job delayed due to COVID-19; or
  • Other factors as determined by the Secretary of the Treasury (or the Secretary’s delegate).

For purposes of applying these additional factors, a member of the individual's household is someone who shares the individual's principal residence.

These distributions qualify for an exception to the IRS early distribution penalty (if under 59 ½ years of age), and allow for taxation to be spread ratably over a three-year period. These withdrawals can also be re-contributed within the three-year period following the withdrawal, and are not subject to normal qualified plan mandatory 20% withholding.

IRS Notice 2020-23 allows individuals who had a 60-day rollover deadline falling on or after April 1, 2020 and before July 15, 2020 to have until July 15th to complete the rollover.

IRS Notice 2020-51 allows individuals who have already taken a required minimum distribution (RMD) from certain retirement plan accounts in 2020 to roll those funds back into a retirement account following the CARES Act RMD waiver for 2020. The 60-day rollover period for RMDs already taken this year has been extended to August 31, 2020. This includes 2020 RMDs as well as 2019 RMDs required to be taken by April 1, 2020. This rollover ability also extends to IRA owners and beneficiaries who may have already taken a distribution in 2020 that otherwise would have been a RMD. The owner or beneficiary can repay the distribution to the IRS by August 31, 2020. Under the Notice, the repayment is not subject to the one rollover per 12-month period limitation and the restriction on rollover for inherited IRAs.

Roth IRA

A Roth IRA lets you accumulate earnings on a tax-deferred basis and withdraw earnings tax free for qualified distributions. Unlike a Traditional IRA, contributions to a Roth IRA are not deductible on your federal income tax return. However, since you have already paid taxes on the money you've contributed to the account, contribution dollars can be withdrawn at any time without tax consequences 1.

Comparing Traditional and Roth IRAs

Additional Calculators

You must have earned income (compensation) in order to contribute to a Roth IRA. There is no age restriction to contribute to a Roth IRA as long as you have earned income. The annual amount you can contribute to a Roth IRA is solely dependent on your adjusted gross income as determined on your federal income tax return.

The following table should help you determine if you're eligible to contribute to a Roth IRA:

Modified Adjusted Gross Income Limits

Tax Filing StatusTax YearFull Contribution up to limitPartial ContributionNot Eligible
Single/Head of Household, or married filing separately and you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year2020Less than $124,000$124,000 to less than $139,000$139,000 and above
Married Filing Jointly or qualifying widow(er)2020Less than $196,000$196,000 to less than $206,000$206,000 and above
Married Filing Separately and lived with your spouse at any time during the year2020N/ALess than $10,000$10,000 and above
Single/Head of Household, or married filing separately and you did not live with your spouse at any time during the year2019Less than $122,000$122,000 to less than $137,000$137,000 and above
Married Filing Jointly or qualifying widow(er)2019Less than $193,000$193,000 to less than $203,000$203,000 and above
Filing Separately and lived with your spouse at any time during the year2019N/ALess than $10,000$10,000 and above

Contribution Limits

Tax YearUnder Age 50Age 50 or Older

You can make annual contributions to a Roth IRA of up to $6,000 or 100% of your earned income, whichever is less. Current law permits most couples (who are legally married and filing jointly) to contribute up to $6,000 each to their IRAs as long as their combined compensation is at least $12,000. This allows a spouse with lower or no compensation to take advantage of the tax savings offered by an IRA. The annual contribution limits apply to the combination of all your Traditional and Roth IRAs.

If you are age 50 or older, you may make an additional $1,000 "catch-up" contribution to your IRA.

You may make regular (including catch-up) contributions at any time for a taxable year up to and including your federal income tax return due date, excluding extensions, for the taxable year. The due date for most taxpayers is April 15.

Contribution dollars may be withdrawn at anytime, tax and penalty-tax free. Earnings on the account accumulate on a tax-deferred basis and can be withdrawn free from federal income taxes, if the withdrawal is a qualified distribution as defined below.

The Saver's Credit may provide a tax credit for those who save for retirement. You may be able to take a credit of up to $1,000 – up to $2,000 if filing jointly. The credit applies to the first $2,000 contributed to a Traditional IRA, Roth IRA, SIMPLE IRA, or 401(k) account by reducing the amount of federal income tax you owe dollar for dollar. The credit ranges from 10% to 50% of your contributions and is based on your filing status, adjusted gross income, and tax liability. Special rules apply.

Visit the IRS website or talk to your tax advisor for more information.

  • Contribution dollars can be withdrawn from the Roth IRA anytime, tax and penalty tax free.
  • Earnings can be withdrawn tax and penalty tax free if this or another Roth IRA has been in existence for at least five years and the distribution is made because you:
    • Have attained the age of 59½,
    • Die,
    • Become disabled, or
    • Need to pay for the purchase or construction of your first home ($10,000 lifetime maximum).
    • Distributions may be taken in specific amounts, as a lump sum, or as a series of systematic payments.

    Note: There are some qualified exceptions to the 10% tax penalty for traditional and Roth IRA distributions.

A conversion is a taxable movement of funds from a Traditional, SEP, or SIMPLE (after two years) IRA to a Roth IRA. A conversion may also include a rollover conversion from a Qualified Retirement Plan (QRP), including a 401(k), 403(b), 457(b), or profit-sharing plan to a Roth IRA. Amounts converted are not subject to the federal 10% tax penalty until withdrawal

You can also browse the Roth IRA Conversion most Frequently Asked Questions. It is important to note if you convert pre-tax retirement dollars to a Roth IRA you may owe income taxes. You should consult your tax advisor for specific guidance and advice.

In general, you have 60 days from the date you receive an IRA or retirement plan distributions to roll it over to another eligible plan or IRA.

You may make only one IRA tax-free rollover in a rolling twelve-month period, regardless of the number of IRAs you own. This includes Traditional, Roth, SEP, and SIMPLE IRA's.

The following transactions are not subject to the one rollover per 12-month limitation:

  • IRA to IRA transfers
  • Rollovers made from or to an employer retirement plan (i.e. 401(k) to an IRA or IRA to a 401(k))
  • Conversions (i.e. funds from Traditional IRA moved directly or within 60 days to Roth IRA)

1 Earnings may be taxed at your tax rate, and a 10% tax penalty for an early withdrawal of these earnings may apply.

For educational purposes only.

Neither State Farm® nor its agents provide tax or legal advice.

State Farm Bank, F.S.B., Bloomington, Illinois offers deposit and loan products. Other insurance, securities or investment products are offered by affiliate companies.

State Farm Bank®, F.S.B., Bloomington, Illinois ("Bank") is a Member FDIC and Equal Housing Lender. NMLS ID 139716. The other products offered by affiliate companies of State Farm Bank are not FDIC insured, not a State Farm Bank obligation or guaranteed by State Farm Bank, and may be subject to investment risk, including possible loss of principal invested. The Bank encourages any interested individual(s) to submit an application for any product(s) offered by the Bank. We also encourage you to obtain information regarding the Bank's underwriting standards for each type of credit or service offered by visiting® or by contacting the Bank at 877-SF4-BANK (877-734-2265); If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or do not use your voice to communicate, you may contact us via 711 or other relay services. To apply for a Bank product, you may also see your participating State Farm agent.